pub-women-6a19世紀に女性の平等の権利を確保しようとす る運動が始まったのは、ひとつには高い教育を 受けた女性たちが他の社会問題に取り組むよう になったためであった。1840年に、エリザベス・ キャディ・スタントンとルクレシア・モットと いう2人の女性が、ロンドンの反奴隷制会議で 出会った。会議に出席したスタントンとモット、そしてその他の女性たちは、女性であるがゆえに会議の活動に参加することを許されなかった。彼女たちはこれに抗議して会議をボイコットし、独自に女性の権利をテーマとする同様の会議の計画を始めた。それは8年後にニューヨーク州セネカフォールズ市で実現した。






A Woman's Right to Vote

The 19th-century drive to secure equal rights for women arose in part as well-educated women involved themselves in other social issues. Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott met in 1840 at an anti-slavery conference in London. Unhappy at being excluded from activities of the convention because of their gender, Stanton, Mott, and other female delegates staged a walkout, then began planning a similar convention on women's rights. It took place in Seneca Falls, New York, eight years later.

The Seneca Falls Convention drafted a Declaration of Sentiments based on the U.S. Declaration of Independence that had, in 1776, separated the United States from Britain. The declaration set the agenda for the movement: the right of women to their children in the event of a divorce, the right to testify against a cruel husband in court, the right of women to enter various kinds of jobs and to keep their salaries instead of turning money over to their husbands, and – the most controversial at that time – the right of women to vote.

The political insight of Stanton and her equally famous partner in the 19th-century women's rights movement, Susan B. Anthony, was that in order to change society, you have to change public opinion first. Both women were bent on propagating ideas: Stanton through her writing, Anthony through personal leadership and extensive lecture tours. In addition, both women realized that freedom and liberty for some groups essentially means freedom and liberty for all groups. Arguing from the abolition of Negro slavery, they aimed to convince Americans in late 19th century that women, like former slaves, deserved well-defined and legally protected rights. Finally, they both realized that universal, fair, and free elections are necessary to allow all members of society to express their needs in an effective way.


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